A WikiFarm is a collection of two or more wikis running on the same web server and sharing a set of common components. The term is based on the computing phrase "server farm".
This page provides some background information about WikiFarms and describes how to turn a "normal" configuration into a farm by adding a wiki. There are many ways to configure wiki farms; this page describes only one, in an effort make it as simple as possible for the administrator who is creating a farm for the first time.
The primary motivation for using a wiki farm is to reduce the amount of administrative work involved in managing several wikis. In a farm, most of the PmWiki code is stored in one place and is shared by all the wikis. An administrator can (for example) upgrade to a new version of PmWiki on every wiki in the farm by simply updating the shared components in a single location.
From a reader's point of view, each wiki in a farm is completely independent, and appears as a separate web site. Each wiki in a farm:
Because the wikis in a farm are all independent, it is difficult (but not impossible) to provide services that require access to more than one wiki. For example, the PmWiki search function can only search within one wiki. Using a farm as a way of subdividing related content is generally a bad idea. A much better way to subdivide content is to use WikiGroups.
The good news is that you don't have to decide in advance. In fact, the recommended procedure is to first do a "normal" or single installation of PmWiki. Use it for a while. Create pages and edit them. Get to know how to add recipes. Be sure to try out WikiGroups (they may be all you need).
Once you have decided that you need another wiki, you have two basic choices:
Choice number 1 can be a good choice for several reasons:
If you choose to create a wiki farm, then read on ...
Before you create a farm, make sure that:
You do have a working installation of PmWiki at this point, don't you? That's good, because your existing wiki is about to become the home wiki of your farm.
In the directory that contains your existing wiki, create the file local/farmconfig.php. This file is used to hold any customizations that apply across the whole farm. For example, you could assign an admin password in farmconfig.php that will be used by all of the wikis in your farm.
If the URL used to access your existing wiki is http://www.example.com/pmwiki/ then a minimal farmconfig.php file would look like this:
<?php if (!defined('PmWiki')) exit(); $FarmPubDirUrl = 'http://www.example.com/pmwiki/pub';
This loads the variable
$FarmPubDirUrl with the URL location of your home wiki's pub/ directory. All of the wikis in your farm share this pub/ directory. The pub/ directory holds skin definitions and GUI-edit buttons to be shared by all the wikis in the farm.
Amazing as it may sound, this completes all of the changes you need to make in order to turn your existing wiki into the home wiki of your farm.
1. Create a directory to hold the new wiki. This directory must be web-accessible, just like the directory that holds your home wiki.
2. Create a file called index.php in the directory with the following contents:
This allows your new wiki to share the PmWiki code stored in your home wiki. The
path/to/pmwiki.php is the file path to pmwiki.php in your home wiki. Use an absolute file path (
/home/username/pmwiki/pmwiki.php) or a relative file path (
../pmwiki/pmwiki.php). Do not use a url path - there should not be an '
http://' in it anywhere. For a web server running under Windows, you need to use a complete file path as in
3. Open a web browser and browse the URL of the new wiki. This will be a web address starting with '
http://'. PmWiki will attempt to automatically create a writable wiki.d/ directory where the wiki's pages will be stored. If you see an error message, follow the instructions. If you choose the option for a "slightly more secure installation" be sure to execute both commands.
Your new wiki is now set up, and your farm now contains 2 wikis. To add more wikis, just repeat these 3 steps.
Each wiki in a farm inherits the settings stored in farmconfig.php. Do any customization that you want to apply farm-wide (to all the wikis) in farmconfig.php.
Create a local/ directory within each wiki's directory to hold local customization that apply only to that wiki. Farm-wide customizations are processed before the individual wiki local customizations.
The PmWiki variable
$FarmD points to the directory in which pmwiki.php is installed, and your home wiki, and it is used as a prefix to allow the other wikis to share PmWiki components. For example:
$FarmD/scripts/ points to the shared scripts/ directory
$FarmD/pub/ points to the shared pub/ directory
$FarmD/cookbook/ points to the shared cookbook/ directory